How broadband and digitization impact global economy ITUAs the global economy reels from the shock of COVID-19, decisions taken now that impact social and economic recovery and growth will be of the utmost importance for the decade ahead.The ITU report ‘How broadband, digitization and ICT regulation impact the global economy‘ looks at how fixed and mobile broadband as well as digital transformation impact the economy, globally and at regional levels.This report shows how broadband technologies and effective ICT regulation can both help grow national economies and power prosperity. Countries should leverage regulatory frameworks and institutions in accelerating digitization – forging sound ICT policies that maximize economic impact within a simplified institutional structure.At a glance: Key findingsMobile broadband generates a larger economic contribution than fixed broadband, when examined globally.Developing countries benefit more from mobile broadband than industrialized countries.Developed countries with a high penetration of fixed broadband enjoy a greater benefit from technology than developing nations.The economic contribution of digitization is higher in advanced economies than in emerging countries.Digitization contributes significantly to labour and total factor productivity.The development of digitization is driven by institutional and regulatory factors and not only by variables such as economic development.Digitization accelerates when a country introduces structural changes in policy and institutions which are related to digital technologies – after a time lag.Key recommendationsDeveloping countries should accelerate the development of mobile broadband to maximize economic impact.In addition to putting a strong focus on mobile broadband, developing country governments should consider the following concrete steps: Encourage policy and regulatory measures to boost infrastructure deployment in rural and isolated areas – for example the sharing of infrastructure, interconnectivity, and effective use of spectrum. Promote emerging technologies that help provide affordable digital infrastructure and services. Promote mobile broadband infrastructure in remote and rural areas through incentives for the private sector. Stimulate collaboration across private sector firms within your digital ecosystem. Boost mobile broadband affordability of non-adopters through government initiatives that target the most vulnerable populations. Reinforce the impact of economic measures with the promotion of Internet content that is meaningful and relevant to your population – and ensure this is in local languages. Build the digital skills of non-adopters to address digital illiteracy.Developed countries should focus on technologies that accelerate the digitization of production as well as: Promote commercial and investment cases that combine the benefits of telecommunications infrastructure with technologies such as AI, AR/VR to grow infrastructure and ICT demand from enterprises. Use regulatory sandboxes enabling enterprises to test emerging technologies free of regulation. Spectrum allocation and new services. Launch 5G pilot projects to support the design of future spectrum allocations – at the same time stimulating the adoption of new services. Balance new technologies with re-skilling. Recognize that advanced technologies can eliminate jobs – ensure digital skills requirements are identified and retraining put in place. Maintain flexibility on regulatory rules and procedures (for example the use of spectrum) to foster innovation and new technologies. Recognize that building infrastructure is long term and requires long-term policies for predictability and regulatory certainty. Recognize that competition needs to protect consumers, while delivering returns to commercial players making the investment in a balanced way.Get the regional story Related to this report are six regional analyses that offer rich detail and important local insights for Africa, the Americas, Arab States, Asia-Pacific, Commonwealth Independent States (CIS) and Europe.The report lays down important markers as we help reinvent and recast the shape of post-COVID-19 economies worldwide.Learn more about the economic contribution of broadband, digitization and ICT regulation and discover the six regional analyses here.For more ITU Publications on economics and finance, visit www.itu.int/pub/D-PREF-EF/en /Public Release. This material comes from the originating organization and may be of a point-in-time nature, edited for clarity, style and length. View in full here. Why?Well, unlike many news organisations, we have no sponsors, no corporate or ideological interests. We don’t put up a paywall – we believe in free access to information of public interest. Media ownership in Australia is one of the most concentrated in the world (Learn more). Since the trend of consolidation is and has historically been upward, fewer and fewer individuals or organizations control increasing shares of the mass media in our country. According to independent assessment, about 98% of the media sector is held by three conglomerates. This tendency is not only totally unacceptable, but also to a degree frightening). Learn more hereWe endeavour to provide the community with real-time access to true unfiltered news firsthand from primary sources. It is a bumpy road with all sorties of difficulties. We can only achieve this goal together. Our website is open to any citizen journalists and organizations who want to contribute, publish high-quality insights or send media releases to improve public access to impartial information. You and we have the right to know, learn, read, hear what and how we deem appropriate.Your support is greatly appreciated. All donations are kept completely private and confidential.Thank you in advance!Tags:affordability, Africa, america, Asia, broadband, building, commonwealth, covid-19, Europe, Government, infrastructure, innovation, Investment, ITU, production, regulation, technology
The Wall Street Journal:You probably don’t think about how often you say the word “I.”You should. Researchers say that your usage of the pronoun says more about you than you may realize.Surprising new research from the University of Texas suggests that people who often say “I” are less powerful and less sure of themselves than those who limit their use of the word. Frequent “I” users subconsciously believe they are subordinate to the person to whom they are talking.Pronouns, in general, tell us a lot about what people are paying attention to, says James W. Pennebaker, chair of the psychology department at the University of Texas at Austin and an author on the study. Pronouns signal where someone’s internal focus is pointing, says Dr. Pennebaker, who has pioneered this line of research. Often, people using “I” are being self-reflective. But they may also be self-conscious or insecure, in physical or emotional pain, or simply trying to please.Read the whole story: The Wall Street Journal More of our Members in the Media >
A $25,000 grant has brought fitness equipment to Westhampton Beach Elementary School.Thanks to a partnership between Peconic Bay Medical Center and Project Fit America, a new “fit pit,” as it’s being dubbed, has been installed on the far west side of the campus between the soccer and baseball fields.“There’s a strong correlation between healthy and fit students and academics, so we’re very excited to begin this journey with Project Fit,” said school president Lisa Slover during a reveal of the installation October 4.Project Fit America is a nonprofit that funds fitness programs for schools with the goal of helping children make healthy lifestyle choices.Students demonstrated the equipment at the different stations during the unveiling, including pull-ups, chin-ups, flex arm hangs, and inverted pull-ups on the pull-up bars; leg lifts, inverted dips, and inverted pushups on the sit-up bench; hand-to-hand grip exercises on the horizontal ladder; jumps on the vault bar; cardio and leg exercises on the step-ups; and full-body conditioning on the pole climb.“This will build strong bodies and minds,” athletic director Kathy Masterson said. “I’m so proud to be a part of a community that never ceases to amaze me at their generosity to our students’ wellbeing.”Slover and physical education teacher Drew Peters spearheaded the grant application process. Peters said the goal is for students to be educated on how to lead an active and healthy lifestyle in a positive environment.“We wish for our students to show kindness, compassion, and respect toward one another throughout the school day, and have the capability to lead with a healthy mind and body, too,” he said.“Receiving this grant means that our students and our community members will be able to learn and practice different ways to become both mentally and physically fit. Already within the first two weeks of our fit pit being installed we’ve had a countless number of current and former students out here utilizing the equipment,” Peters added.Board of education president Suzanne Mensch said the placement couldn’t be any better — directly east of the school’s greenhouse.“Over the last two years, you all have been working hard to incorporate healthy eating habits by being an active part of learning to grow and cultivate a variety of vegetables,” she said. “Now, you’ll be working to learn lifelong, healthy exercise habits as well.”Peconic Bay Medical Center CEO and president Andy Mitchell surprised the school, along with East Quogue Elementary School, with the grants in June. Nine other schools on the East End have received the grant to date, the first being Riverhead back in 2013.“It takes a village to do something like this, and this is a very, very special village,” Mitchell said. “I hope the children have a great, great experience with it. We’re thrilled to be a part of it.” In addition to the outdoor equipment, the school received weighted indoor equipment including medicine balls, jump ropes, and hula hoops, along with skeletons for educating about the muscular and skeletal systems. Teachers were trained on how to use the equipment and given a curriculum to [email protected] Westhampton Beach Elementary School students held a ribbon-cutting and demonstrated the various ways they could use new strength and conditioning equipment provided by Project Fit America, including inverted push-ups and pole climbing, along with weighted accessories like hula hoops. Share
Vietnam National Shipping Lines (Vinalines) has been assigned a large number of port, shipping and logistics services construction projects by the Government of Vietnam.The investment, development and business and production plans, which were approved on February 27, are set to boost Vinalines’ presence in the country’s maritime sector over the period from 2016 to 2020.Namely, Vinalines will be responsible for developing some seaports at Lach Huyen International Port complex in the northern coastal city of Haiphong.The project invested by Haiphong Port Company Limited to build a Haiphong International Gateway Seaport will be carried out in 2017-2020. In addition, Lien Chieu Port in the central coast city of Danang will be developed by Danang Port Joint Stock Company in the 2017-2024 period.In terms of shipping, the government has asked Vinalines to develop a specialized ship fleet and decommission old vessels.Additionally, the company is required to boost investments in inland container depots (ICD), logistics centers, and goods distribution center in Lach Huyen (Haiphong), Hanoi, Danang, Can Tho, HCMC, Bac Ninh, Hau Giang, Gia Lai, Binh Duong, and Dong Nai provinces.Vinalines now has to map out a detailed investment plan and implement these projects under the prevailing rules.
Jurisdiction – Laying of information Media Protection Services Ltd v Crawford and another: QBD (Admin) (Lord Justice Stanley Burnton and Mr Justice Kenneth Parker): 16 August 2012 The respondents were licensees of a public house in Cheshire. They faced a private prosecution brought in the magistrates’ court by the appellant company on behalf of the Football Association Premier League Ltd (the FA) in respect of an alleged breach of section 297(1) of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988. The appellant was, at all material times, a private limited company that traded for profit and was retained by the FA to investigate and prosecute infringements of the FA’s intellectual property rights in relation to broadcasts of premier league football matches. Further to that contractual relationship, the appellant conducted investigations into public houses that showed live football using foreign satellite services. Once evidence had been gathered, H (a director of the appellant company) would lay an information that led to a summons being issued and then served by the appellant on the alleged infringer. The appellant had followed that procedure in the instant case. Before the district judge, the issue was raised whether H had acted unlawfully in preferring the informations against the respondents, in that so doing he had carried out a reserved legal activity within the meaning of the Legal Services Act 2007 when neither he nor the appellant were authorised or exempt in relation to that activity. The district judge held that H had acted unlawfully and, consequently, the criminal proceedings had to be dismissed. The appellant appealed by way of case stated. The questions posed by the district judge were: (i) whether, for the purposes of paragraph 4(1) of schedule 2 to the 2007 act, the judge had been right in concluding that the laying of the information by H had amounted to either (a) the issuing of proceedings before any court in England and Wales; (b) the commencement of such proceedings; or (c) the performance of any ancillary functions in relation to such proceedings; and that (subject to question 2) that had therefore been the ‘conduct of litigation’ in accordance with schedule 2 to the 2007 act and a ‘reserved legal activity’ within the meaning of section 12 of the 2007 act; (ii) if the answer to that question was ‘yes’ and where an unregulated prosecutor sought to conduct litigation not on their own behalf but on behalf of a third party for reward, whether the judge had been correct to conclude that paragraph 4(2) of schedule 2 to the 2007 act did not alter that first conclusion and that the laying of an information remained the ‘conduct of litigation’ within the meaning of the 2007 act; and (iii) if the answer to that question was also ‘yes’, whether the judge had been right to conclude that, where there was such a breach of the 2007 act when proceedings were commenced, the proceedings were to be considered void ab initio and therefore dismissed. It was common ground that neither H nor the appellant had been an authorised or exempt person within the meaning of section 13 of the 2007 act. Consideration was also given to sections 13 and 14 of the 2007 act, section 127(1) of the Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980 and section 20 of the Solicitors Act 1974. The appeal would be dismissed. (1) Both the applicable legislative provisions and a decision of the House of Lords in R v Manchester Stipendiary Magistrate, ex p Hill  2 All ER 963 made it clear that the laying of an information was the commencement of proceedings in the magistrates’ court. What was tried by the justices was not the summons, or the description of an offence in a summons, but the information itself. The issue of a summons might be the common means of securing the attendance of a defendant, but it was not the only way. Since, pursuant to section 127(1) of the 1980 act, it was the laying of an information that stopped time running and permitted the magistrates’ court to try the information, it was difficult to conclude that the information did not amount to the commencement of proceedings (see , , ,  of the judgment). The district judge had been right to conclude that the laying of the information by H had amounted to the commencement of proceedings and had, therefore, been the ‘conduct of litigation’ in accordance with schedule 2 to the 2007 act and a ‘reserved legal activity’ within the meaning of section 12 of that act (see , ,  of the judgment). (2) The regulatory objectives set out in section 1 of the 2007 act and the duties owed to the court and to the defendant by prosecutors, including the duty of disclosure, did not favour recognition of the right of unqualified and unregulated persons acting for reward to institute and to conduct private prosecutions (see ,  of the judgment). In the instant case, H had commenced proceedings in the magistrates’ court. He had not done so as a litigant acting on his own behalf but as director of a company acting for reward for a client, namely the FA. H had acted as a solicitor within the meaning, and in breach, of section 20 of the 1974 act. He had not been an authorised litigator. Consequently, the appellant could not bring itself within paragraph 4(2) of schedule 2 to the 2007 act (see ,  of the judgment). The conclusion on the first question had not, in the instant case, been altered by paragraph 4(2) of schedule 2 to the 2007 act (see ,  of the judgment). (3) The reference in section 127(1) of the 1980 act to the laying of an information meant the lawful laying of an information (see ,  of the judgment). On the facts, no information had lawfully been laid against the respondents. Consequently, their prosecution was incompetent, precluded by section 127(1) of the 1980 act (see ,  of the judgment).The district judge had been right to conclude that the proceedings had to be considered void and should have been dismissed (see ,  of the judgment). Patricia Robertson QC and Miles Bennett (instructed by Russell-Cooke) for the appellant; Andrew Bodnar (instructed by Molesworths Bright Clegg, Rochdale) for the respondents.
Image Courtesy: PAAdvertisement tNBA Finals | Brooklyn VsxnmWingsuit rodeo📽Sindre E7ji( IG: @_aubreyfisher @imraino ) 2lavWould you ever consider trying this?😱2qwbaxCan your students do this? 🌚ud033Roller skating! Powered by Firework Manchester United’s new signing Daniel James is eager to follow the footsteps of club legend Ryan Gigs, who is also his mentor at the Wales national team.Advertisement Image Courtesy: PAThe 21-year old became Solskjær’s first signing, arriving at Old Trafford from Swansea City for £15 million last month.James made a good impression on his debut for the Red Devils in their 2-0 victory in a friendly against Perth Glory, and the winger was also named Man of the Match.Advertisement The youngster believes there is none better to ‘aspire’ to be like, other than his fellow countryman.“Giggsy, as soon as I came into the Wales set up, had ambitions for me. The way he brought me and a lot of other youngsters through has been amazing.” James told the reporters.“He spoke to me when I first signed for United. His advice was to be myself, which is what I will try to do.“He wasn’t a bad player, was he? What he did at Manchester United was amazing. Every young winger looks up to a person like him.“He was playing in the Premier League until he was 40 and he was still beating players. Credit to him, the way he looks after his body.“It is amazing for me, when I go away on internationals, to learn from people like him. He is obviously someone I aspire to be like.” Advertisement
Image Courtesy: Wah CricketAdvertisement kz2kNBA Finals | Brooklyn Vs3k7tWingsuit rodeo📽Sindre Edxj( IG: @_aubreyfisher @imraino ) 4iWould you ever consider trying this?😱c5289xCan your students do this? 🌚33Roller skating! Powered by Firework Apart from the heartbreak which Neesham had to endure during the World Cup final which the Kiwis lost by the thinnest of margins, the all-rounder’s childhood coach reportedly passed away during the all-rounder’s super over heroics which brought the Blackcaps close.Advertisement Image Courtesy: Wah CricketDavid James Gordon, who also coached Lockie Ferguson during his time as a coach at the Auckland Grammar School passed away after Neesham hit a six off archer which swayed the game towards their favour.Leonie, Gordon’s daughter claimed that he stopped breathing once Neesham hit Archer over square leg. Leonie also added that the nurse mentioned about his change in the breathing during the tense super over. She added:Advertisement “You know, I think Jimmy Neesham had just hit that six and he took his last breath,” she told Stuff.co.nz. “He has a quirky sense of humour and he was a real character and he would have loved the fact that he did that.”“It was lovely, you know, he’s kept in touch with Jimmy and he is friends with Jimmy’s father. He always had a soft spot for Jimmy Neesham, he was very proud of him. He would definitely be following his career.”Advertisement Jimmy Neesham also posted a tweet for his childhood coach where he thanked his beloved coach. Check out the tweet below:Read Also:Former Pakistani cricketer Abdul Razzaq makes a statement on having extramarital affairsBreaking News: Trevor Bayliss appointed as HEAD COACH of Sunrisers Hyderabad Advertisement
Police are appealing for public assistance to help locate Renee Lester. A warrant has been issued for the 40-year-old’s arrest…[To read the rest of this story Subscribe or Login to the Gazette Access Pass] Thanks for reading the Pakenham Berwick Gazette. Subscribe or Login to read the rest of this content with the Gazette Digital Access Pass subscription.