India’s Pneumonia vaccination programme will be worth money, predicts study

first_img Share Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals releases first “Comprehensive Textbook of COVID-19” Read Article Heartfulness group of organisations launches ‘Healthcare by Heartfulness’ COVID care app MaxiVision Eye Hospitals launches “Mucormycosis Early Detection Centre” The study was funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation through the global antibiotic resistance partnership and supported by Princeton University through its Grand Challenges ProgrammeResearchers at University of Strathclyde has predicted through its study that a programme to vaccinate 27 million new-born babies in India against pneumococcus could prevent approximately 35,000 under-five pneumonia death. The Indian government is currently rolling out a pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) across the country to tackle the disease, which claimed the lives of an estimated 105,000 children under the age of five in 2010.However, the vaccine is significantly more expensive than others included in India’s Universal Immunisation Programme. In addition, its effectiveness in low and middle-income countries is uncertain. The Global Alliance for vaccines and Immunization is currently helping to fund PCV provision until 2021, after which the Indian Government will have to bear the full costs.To predict the potential outcome and cost-effectiveness of India’s PCV programme, researchers at the University of Strathclyde in the UK and the Center for Disease Dynamics Economics and Policy in the US and in New Delhi, India used a model they had previously developed and validated called IndiaSim, which is representative of the Indian population and health system.The analysis considered the distribution of the dominant strains of the disease in India and the characteristics and behaviour of the host population within the country’s health system. The study, published in the journal BMJ Global Health, concludes the programme could prevent 34,800 under-five deaths, cost $240m (1,600 crore rupees) and save families $48.7 million in treatment costs annually.This outcome assumed vaccination coverage levels similar to those achieved by the diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus (DPT) immunisation programme; approximately 77 per cent. Increasing the coverage level to 90 per cent was found to be the most cost-effective outcome in over 95 per cent of simulated outcomes.Lead author Dr Itamar Megiddo, Assistant Professor and Chancellor’s Fellow in Strathclyde Business School says, “Pneumonia is a major cause of death in India and as many other countries have done the government decided to introduce PCV in its vaccination programme. However, PCV is expensive and its efficacy is uncertain for a number of reasons. These include a lack of information on the distribution of the disease-causing strains in India and lack of contextualized information on the efficacy of the vaccine in India and other low- and middle-income countries. The affordability and cost effectiveness for a country like India is especially important.”Dr Megiddo further says, “Although our study had limitations, and there are data gaps that need to be filled, even with conservative assumptions we believe the vaccination would avert a significant number of deaths. “It would also protect some of the poorest people in India from potentially catastrophic expenditure and deliver value for money. We would recommend the Indian Government includes PCV vaccination in the Universal Immunisation Programme, and the vaccine’s effectiveness should be continuously monitored as it is rolled out to provide more data to inform vaccination strategy.” India’s Pneumonia vaccination programme will be worth money, predicts study Related Postscenter_img The missing informal workers in India’s vaccine story News By Swati Rana on July 10, 2018 WHO tri-regional policy dialogue seeks solutions to challenges facing international mobility of health professionals Menopause to become the next game-changer in global femtech solutions industry by 2025 Phoenix Business Consulting invests in telehealth platform Healphalast_img read more

Mexico braces for monster Hurricane Patricia

first_img Share InternationalNewsPrintRegional Mexico braces for monster Hurricane Patricia by: Associated Free Press – October 23, 2015 242 Views   no discussions Share Tweetcenter_img Sharing is caring! Share Hurricane Patricia (Photo: AFP)PUERTO VALLARTA, Mexico (AFP) – Monster Hurricane Patricia rumbled toward Mexico’s Pacific coast on Friday, growing into the strongest storm on record in the Western Hemisphere as the country braced for a potential catastrophe.Authorities relocated some villagers, closed ports and schools in several states, and urged tourists to cancel trips as the hurricane headed toward landfall in the western state of Jalisco later Friday.“No hurricane of this magnitude has ever affected the Mexican Pacific,” President Enrique Pena Nieto wrote on Twitter.All stores were closed in the beach resort of Puerto Vallarta and shop owners placed duct tape in the shape of an X on their windows to protect them.“I’ve had to give away tape to people who weren’t prepared,” said Ramiro Arias, owner of a frame shop. “We’re procrastinators. We don’t react until we see the situation.”Despite the incoming storm, a swimmer was spotted in the water.A handful of people waited at a bus station for their last chances to get out of town while others bought water and loaded vehicles with jerrycans of fuel.Rain pelted the coast after Patricia mushroomed late Thursday into a Category Five storm — the top of the Saffir-Simpson scale — with maximum sustained winds of 325 kilometers (200 miles) per hour, according to the US National Hurricane Center.The center said on its website that Patricia was “the strongest hurricane on record in the National Hurricane Center’s area of responsibility which includes the Atlantic and the eastern North Pacific.”“Some fluctuations in intensity are possible today but Patricia is expected to remain an extremely dangerous category five hurricane through landfall,” the center said.“An extremely dangerous storm surge is expected to produce significant coastal flooding near and to the right of where the center makes landfall,” the Miami-based center added.last_img read more

Land Slippage blocks route at Tarreau

first_imgLocalNews Land Slippage blocks route at Tarreau by: – October 4, 2019 Share Sharing is caring! Tweet Sharecenter_img A large area of land slippage has occurred on the EO Leblanc Highway in Tarreau trapping a bus.  Reports on the ground are that one individual has been injured.  DA Vibes will bring more details on this story as we get more information. Share 452 Views   no discussionslast_img read more

Guilbeau: LSU, Ole Miss on collision course

first_imgBATON ROUGE – Bring on Ole Miss. But not Katy Perry. We don’t want a corn dog riot.The third-ranked Rebels, 7-0 overall and 4-0 in the Southeastern Conference after dismissing Tennessee, 34-3, Saturday night, will enter Tiger Stadium undefeated for the first time since 1963 when they were also No. 3 in the nation and 4-0-1 on the season.LSU, 6-2 and 2-2 after embarrassing Kentucky 41-3 Saturday night, no longer is smelling or playing like corn dogs – a long held belief by Ole Miss fans carried on by Perry during ESPN’s GameDay before Ole Miss’ monumental, 23-17 win over No. 1 Alabama on Oct. 4.LSU is not better than Ole Miss and will be underdogs, but it will be able to play with the Rebels and have a chance to win.The Tigers played their most complete game Saturday – or closest thing to that – and will likely be ranked after being out of the polls since Oct. 5 following a 41-7 loss to Auburn on Oct. 4. LSU looked well coached and well drilled on offense, defense and special teams throughout a game for the first time this season. The sideline even managed to work the clock successfully again for a field goal with 7 seconds to go in the first half.“They were more prepared. They were better coached,” Kentucky coach Mark Stoops said.“I think what’s happening is this football team’s coming together,” LSU coach Les Miles said. “The time is kind of right for that. That was the best overall game we’ve had thus far from start to finish.”LSU is running the ball and playing defense with precision again. The Tigers piled up 303 yards on the ground on 51 carries against Kentucky and held the Wildcats to just 217 yards – less than half of the 448 they had been averaging. Kentucky could muster just 71 rushing yards on 27 carries, or 2.8 yards a carry.After disastrous defensive performances against Mississippi State and Auburn, the competition has decreased exponentially against the likes of Florida last week and Kentucky this week. Still, the defense is playing better. Defensive coordinator John Chavis has made adjustments and mixed things up – in a good way. He has made his unit better.Kendell Beckwith is entrenched at middle linebacker now. He made nine tackles Saturday. Freshman Jamal Adams is playing more and more at safety and quickly making a name for himself as junior Jalen Mills has moved to nickel back in passing situations. Adams had eight tackles and the key block that freed Tre’Davious White on his 67-yard punt return in the first quarter for a 17-0 lead. Then he made the tackle on the ensuing kickoff. You will see more of him.Chavis played more people in various roles. Freshmen Deondre Clark and Sione Teuhema played situationally at defensive end and defensive tackle. Speed was all over the field.Finally, LSU looked scary again with obvious height, girth and speed advantages. LSU looked like LSU again as it dominated a clearly outclassed opponent.Now, if the stadium can just return.LSU fans might have chanted, “We want Ole Miss,” as the Kentucky game ended, but there were not enough people close enough together remaining in the place.Tiger Stadium, fastly becoming known as Dodger Stadium with about equal traffic issues outside, may actually be full until the end of an event next week against Ole Miss for the first time since George Strait crooned “Amarilo By Morning” last May during the Bayou Country Super Fest.“I expect that this place will be rocking,” Miles said. From beginning to end?It will be worth it to stay next week, and maybe everyone can sing, “Oxford by morning,” by night’s end.Glenn Guilbeau covers LSU and the SEC for The Town Talk and Gannett Louisiana. Connect with him on Twitter @LSUBeatTweet.last_img read more